Personal Relationships Education Policy
Aims of our policy:
The aim of our policy is to provide a secure framework for staff to work in. It outlines the values the school is committed to and will inform the Personal Relationships Programme.
The policy will support the needs of all pupils regardless of age, ability, ethnicity, culture, gender, disability or sexual orientation. Children with learning, physical or sensory needs may require individual programmes to suit their needs.
The policy will help and support pupils through their physical, emotional and moral development and will support the PSHCE policy by ensuring that all children are given the opportunity to:
- Acquire knowledge and understanding and explore attitudes and values in a secure and comfortable atmosphere that enables questions and issues to be explored without embarrassment
- Stress the value of family life and extended family life, whatever relationships constitute a family
- Develop confidence and responsibility, making the most of pupils’ abilities
- Be prepared to play an active role as citizens by being encouraged to think for themselves, to make their own decisions and to begin to take responsibilities for their own actions, whilst sharing thoughts and ideas
- Develop a healthier, safer lifestyle
- Encourage caring attitudes, developing good relationships and respecting differences between people
- Help children to understand and accept the differences and changes that are part of growing up
Moral and Values Framework
The Personal Relationships Education, (PRE), programme will reflect the school ethos and demonstrate and encourage the following values:
- Respect for self
- Respect for others
- Responsibility for their own actions
- Responsibility for their family, friends, school and wider community
Why teach Personal Relationships Education?
According to ‘Sex and Relationship Education Guidance’ 2000, ‘Effective sex and relationship education is essential if young people are to make responsible and well informed decisions about their lives’. PRE will be delivered as part of a well planned science and PSHCE curriculum which takes account of guidance including the Education Act (1996), the National Curriculum (2013), PSHCE guidance (2000) and current ‘Healthy Schools’ guidance.
Much of the PRE programme will be taught in the broader context of delivering PSHCE as part of a pupil’s life skills and preparation for adulthood. However, PSHCE, including PRE, will also be delivered as part of the SEAL programme which is delivered through a number of media throughout school. This includes discrete PSHCE lessons, collective worship and circle time.
The school curriculum will:
- Promote the spiritual, moral, cultural, mental and physical development of pupils at the school and of society and
- Prepare pupils for the opportunities, responsibilities and experiences of adult life.
Certain aspects of Personal Relationships Education are a statutory requirement as part of the National Curriculum for Science. This states that pupils should:
At Key Stage 1 (years 1 and 2)
- notice that animals, including humans, have offspring which grow into adults
- be introduced to the processes of reproduction and growth in animals; the focus at this stage should be on questions that help pupils to recognise growth; they should not be expected to understand how reproduction occurs.
At lower Key Stage 2 (years 3 and 4)
- explore the part that flowers play in the life cycle of flowering plants, including pollination, seed formation and seed dispersal
At upper key stage 2 (years 5 and 6)
- find out about different types of reproduction, including sexual and asexual reproduction in plants, and sexual reproduction in animals
- learn about the changes experienced in puberty
Planning for PRE is based on materials produced by Blackpool Advisory Teachers.
Organisation of PRE Education
PRE will be taught in mixed sex classes with the opportunity to teach some aspects, if appropriate, in single sex groups with the support of the School Nurse.
It is the responsibility of the class teacher to deliver PRE. In Year 5 and Year 6, where the content may be more explicit, the delivery by the class teachers will be supported by the School Nurse.
Monitor and Review
Monitoring of the implementation of the document will be undertaken by the Science Coordinator and the PSHCE coordinator. The governors will agree the policy and any changes made to the policy. Regular updates will be made to the governing body through the curriculum committee.
PSHCE Coordinators will ensure that the policy fulfils requirements and that it is appropriate to our pupils.
There are many sensitive issues around PSHCE and PRE and staff should be aware of these issues. Children may wish to speak to a teacher in private about matters concerning them. These matters will be dealt with in a sensitive manner but staff should not promise to ‘keep secrets’, as a child may disclose abuse which will have to be reported to our designated Child Protection Officer. Further guidance should be sought from the Child Protection Policy.
Some children find it difficult to approach a member of staff. For this reason, we have a ‘Listening Service’ box placed in school where children are able to write their name on a piece of paper and ‘post it’ in the box. Our ‘KIVA’ Manager will then pick up the request and organise a time to talk to the pupil in a non-threatening environment.
Working with parents
Parents of Year 5 and Year 6 pupils will be informed of the PRE education programme and invited into school to view any materials being used or to discuss any issues they may have.
Parents have the right to withdraw their child, wholly or partly, from the PRE programme, unless it is part of the National Curriculum Science programme of study. Any child withdrawn from PRE will be accommodated in another class for the duration of the lesson.
Dissemination of the policy
A copy of this policy will be made available to the Governing Body and staff at Mereside School.
A copy of the policy may be requested from the school office.
Policy reviewed September 2014